3D array of large-spin fermions

3D array of large-spin fermions

In joint theoretical and experimental work with our theory colleagues A.-M. Rey (JILA) and B. Zhu (ITAMP) we investigate dipolar induced magnetization-conserving spin exchange dynamics with fermionic Er in a 3D optical lattice

The ERBIUM lab

The ERBIUM lab

The ERBIUM lab

Excitation spectrum of a trapped dipolar supersolid

Excitation spectrum of a trapped dipolar supersolid

In a combined theory and experimental work, we study the elementary excitations of trapped dipolar quantum gases crossing from regular superfluid to supersolid.

Observation of roton quasiparticles in Erbium

Observation of roton quasiparticles in Erbium

In collaboration with our theory collaborators from Innsbruck and Hannover, we have observed for the first time so-called roton quasiparticles in an ultracold bosonic gas of erbium atoms.

Polarizability of Erbium

Polarizability of Erbium

In collaboration with our theory colleagues from Paris, we have determined the dynamical polarizability of ultracold erbium atoms.

Crossover from a BEC to a macrodroplet

Crossover from a BEC to a macrodroplet

Together with our theory colleagues from Hannover, we have investigated the formation of a macrodroplet state in an ultracold bosonic gas of erbium atoms.

Extended Bose-Hubbard Model

Extended Bose-Hubbard Model

We have studied the extended Bose-Hubbard Model with dipolar Er atoms as well as how the superfluid-to-Mott-insulator transition is modified by the dipole-dipole interaction.

Quantum Chaos in Ultracold Collisions of Erbium

Quantum Chaos in Ultracold Collisions of Erbium

We have studied the scattering behavior of ultracold Er atoms and observed an enormous number of Fano-Feshbach scattering resonances.

Reaching Fermi Degeneracy via Universal Dipolar Scattering

Reaching Fermi Degeneracy via Universal Dipolar Scattering

We have reported on the creation of the first degenerate dipolar Fermi gas of erbium atoms.

Narrow-line magneto-optical trap for erbium

Narrow-line magneto-optical trap for erbium

We have reported on the experimental realization of a robust and efficient magneto-optical trap for erbium atoms, based on a narrow cooling transition at 583 nm.

ERBIUM LAB

Dipolar Quantum Gases of Erbium Atoms 

In our ERBIUM Lab, we daily produce Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC) and degenerate Fermi gases (dFG) of strongly magnetic Er atoms, which is the last born species in the family of Bose condensed atoms. Based on the richness of Er internal level structure, we were able to devise a very simple approach to reach quantum degeneracy with this complex species. In 2012, we produced the first Er BEC and shortly after the first dFG. Er degenerate quantum gases have an extremely prominent dipolar character because of their large atomic magnetic moment, opening the possibility to study fascinating effect arising from the anisotropic and long-range dipole-dipole interaction.

If you want to learn more about Er, you can find more info in the publications and/or contact us!

Featured Publications

A full list of the Er publications can be found here

Lab news

We report on the observation of a large anisotropy in the rethermalization dynamics of an ultracold dipolar Fermi gas driven out of equilibrium. Our system consists of an ultracold sample of strongly magnetic Er167 fermions, spin polarized in the lowest Zeeman sublevel. In this system, elastic collisions arise purely from
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Now in Science! In the presence of isotropic interactions, the Fermi surface of an ultracold Fermi gas is spherical. Introducing anisotropic interactions can deform it. This effect is subtle and challenging to observe experimentally. We report the observation of such a Fermi surface deformation in a degenerate dipolar Fermi gas of
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We have studied the scattering behavior of ultracold Er atoms and observed an enormous number of Fano-Feshbach scattering resonances and demonstrate high correlation in the spectra, underlying chaotic scattering between the particles. This work, now published in NATURE,  is a joint effort between our group, John L. Bohn from JILA (Boulder,
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We report on the creation of the first degenerate dipolar Fermi gas of erbium atoms. We force evaporative cooling in a fully spin-polarized sample down to temperatures as low as 0.2 times the Fermi temperature. The strong magnetic dipole-dipole interaction enables elastic collisions between identical fermions even in the zero-energy
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We have measured and analyzed the hyperfine structure of two lines, one at 583 nm and one at 401 nm, of the only stable fermionic isotope of atomic erbium as well as determined its isotope shift relative to the four most-abundant bosonic isotopes. Our work focuses on the J→J+1 laser
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We report on the experimental realization of a robust and efficient magneto-optical trap for erbium atoms, based on a narrow cooling transition at 583 nm. We observe up to N=2×10^8 atoms at a temperature of about T=15 μK. This simple scheme provides better starting conditions for direct loading of dipole
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Lab Team
Jane
Jane


Francesca Ferlaino, Univ.-Prof. Dr.

Group Leader / PI

Mike
Mike



Manfred Mark, Dr.

Senior Scientist/ Research Assistant

John
John


Bing Yang, Dr.

Post-Doc (ERBIUM)

John
John



Alexander Patscheider, MSc.

PhD Student
(ERBIUM)

John
John



Gabriele Natale, MSc.

PhD Student
(ERBIUM)

John
John



Simon Gschwendtner, BSc.

Master Student
(ERBIUM)

John
John



Daniel Grün, BSc.

Master Student
(Theory)