Supersolid in a new dimension

Supersolid in a new dimension

A two-dimensional supersolid system

Phase coherence in out-of-equilibrium supersolid states of ultracold dipolar atoms

Phase coherence in out-of-equilibrium supersolid states of ultracold dipolar atoms

By quenching the contact interaction, it is possible to destroy the phase coherence in a dipolar supersolid. However, the supersolidity is “repaired” when reversing the dephasing process.  

Study of interspecies Feshbach resonances published in PRA

Study of interspecies Feshbach resonances published in PRA

A key step in creating controlled interactions in dipolar quantum mixtures is the characterization of interspecies Feshbach resonances.

First Dipolar Quantum Mixtures!

First Dipolar Quantum Mixtures!

We have created for the first time a dipolar quantum mixture by combining two highly magnetic atomic species, Erbium and Dysprosium.

Double MOT …

Double MOT …

… of cold erbium (yellow) and dysprosium (red) atoms. © IQOQI

Laser setup …

Laser setup …

… for slowing and trapping erbium and dysprosium atoms. © IQOQI

The main vacuum chamber …

The main vacuum chamber …

… where trap and furthermore cool erbium and dysprosium down to degeneracy. © IQOQI

Er-Dy LAB

The Er-Dy LAB focuses on many-body quantum phenomena in a dipolar quantum mixture of two highly magnetic lanthanides, Erbium and Dysprosium.

The designing process of the experimental apparatus started in late 2014 and several concepts have been developped in collaboration with our ERBIUM Team and the Er-Team at Harvard University led by Markus Greiner.

Er-Dy mixtures

In 2018, we produced the first quantum degenerate dipolar mixture of Erbium and Dysprosium!!

This two rare-earth species are highly magnetic with a magnetic moment of 7µB and 10µB for Er and Dy respectively. A crucial aspect is that the have very similar atomic properties such as melting point, mass and the optical spectrum. The Er-Dy LAB is able to either operate on a single species (Er or Dy) or to produce dipolar imbalanced Bose-Bose, Bose-Fermi and Fermi-Fermi Er-Dy mixtures.

A microscope for dipolar atoms

A quantum gas microscope is an optical system that allows to image single atoms in an optical lattice in situ. This conceptually simple, yet technologically demanding technique makes it possible to directly study the interactions between atoms in periodic potentials, a scenario which is only possible to simulate numerically for very limited system sizes. In contrast to other groups, we are aiming to realize such a microscope with atoms featuring a large, permanent magnetic dipole moment. The inter-atomic dipole-dipole interaction adds a new term to the Hamiltonian describing the ensemble, and therefore allows to investigate a whole new class of quantum systems. The behavior of the system will critically depend on the interplay between the different interaction terms, whose magnitude and direction dependence may be tuned experimentally over a wide range. Thus, a large variety of interesting quantum systems can be simulated and investigated.

Lab news
Quantum matter can be solid and fluid at the same time – a situation known as supersolidity. Researchers led by Italian quantum physicist Francesca Ferlaino have now created for the first time this fascinating property along two dimensions. They now report in the journal Nature on the realization of supersolidity
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Supersolids go circular! Our Er-Dy and theory labs collaborate together to realise supersolidity in round traps. We also investigate effective formation protocols for two-dimensional supersolids, and explore the rich excitation spectra of these objects.
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Welcome to Eva, who has joined the Er-Dy team as PhD Student.
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Our experimental work on the lifecycle of a supersolid got selected as APS Editors' Suggestion, featured in Physics Viewpoint with an article by Chinmayee Mishra and in Physics World with an article by Oliver Stockdale. Congratulation to the Er-Dy Team!
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In recognition of her outstanding achievements, Francesca Ferlaino was elected a Corresponding Member of the Mathematical and Natural Sciences Class of the Austrian Academy of Sciences.
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Now in PRL! The supersolid phase transition at finite temperature is poorly understood since tools for an adequate theoretical simulation are still lacking. We have characterised the evaporative formation of a dipolar supersolid from a thermal gas using in-situ imaging. The work is to appear in PRL.
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Lab Team